Kwame Nkrumah

Ghana zuɣulana tuuli (1909-1972)

Kwame Nkrumah nyɛla tiŋgbaŋ zuɣulana kuro zaŋ n-ti Ghana. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah PC daa nyɛla Ghana siyasa nira.[1] Ŋuni n-daa nyɛ Prime Minister tuuli ka lahi lɛbigi Ghana zuɣulana tuuli maŋsulinsi deebu nyaaŋa. Ghana yuli n-daa na booni Gold Coast amaa O ni daa dee ti maŋsulinsi gbampiɛla nuuni naai, silimiin goli March daabaa ayɔbu, yuuni1957 dalila.O nimmohi zaŋ chaŋ Pan African tali la zuɣu,  O daa pahi ninvuɣu shɛba ban daa kpa Africa zaa naŋgbaŋyini laɣingu la. Soviet Union nim daa ti o mi kpaŋmaŋa Lenin Peace Prize yuuni 1962.

Kwame Nkrumah
The National Archives UK - CO 1069-50-1.jpg
ninsala
Paɣa bei dooDoo Mali niŋ
O ya TiŋgbaŋGold Coast, Ghana Mali niŋ
Doɣam yuliKwame Mali niŋ
Daŋ yuliNkrumah Mali niŋ
Doɣam dabsili21 Silimin gɔli September 1909 Mali niŋ
Dɔɣam luɣuliNkroful Mali niŋ
O kpibu dabisili27 Silimin gɔli April 1972 Mali niŋ
Place of deathBucharest Mali niŋ
Manner of deathnatural causes Mali niŋ
Cause of deathskin cancer, prostate cancer Mali niŋ
Place of burialKwame Nkrumah Mausoleum Mali niŋ
Spouse Mali niŋ
BiaGamal Nkrumah, Samia Nkrumah, Sekou Nkrumah Mali niŋ
Bal' shɛli o ni yɛra, n sabira bee n-dihiri nuakambonsili, Nzema, Fante, Silmiinsili Mali niŋ
Tumapolitician, writer, diplomat, lecturer, Karimba Mali niŋ
Shikuru shɛli o ni chaŋLincoln University, London School of Economics and Political Science, University of Pennsylvania Graduate School of Education, Achimota School, Lincoln University Mali niŋ
Honorific suffixPrivy Council of the United Kingdom Mali niŋ
Member of political partyConvention People's Party, United Gold Coast Convention Mali niŋ
AdiiniKristatali, Kristatali Mali niŋ
Military rankfield marshal Mali niŋ
Award receivedLenin Peace Prize, Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Order of the Companions of O. R. Tambo, Collar of the Order of the White Lion, Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta Mali niŋ

O daa chaŋla Silimiintiŋa O shikuru baŋsim yɛligibu ni siyaasa baŋsim bɔhimbu, tɔ amaa O daa bi che ninvuɣi shɛba baŋ gba daa saɣiti Africa bilichintali ni bɛ maŋsulinsi zabbu la zuɣu laɣinsi ni ʒinibu din kuli yɛn niŋ ka Ghana gba yi dabilim bandini. O ni daa niŋ yuuni pia ni ayi, O daa kpuɣila napɔŋ n-labi Gold Coast na ni O ti pili mɔli din yɛn che ka tiŋgbani maa zani di gama zuɣu. O daa kpala paati yuli booni Convention People's Party(CPP) ka di lahibali wuligi gili luɣili kam Gold coast tiŋgbani ni.

O daa lee la Prime Minister 1952 ka daa kuli gbubili hali ka Ghana daa ti deegi maŋsulinsi Britain nim nuuni March 6, 1957. Ghananima daa sabiya ka saɣiti Ghana zalikpana kundi ka daa che Dr Kwame Nkrumah tiŋgbaŋ zuɣulana 1960.

O piligu ni o shikuru kariŋ baŋsimEdit

Bɛ dɔɣila Kwame Nkrumah silimiin-gɔli September bɛiɣu pishi ni yini dali yuuni 1909 Nkroful, Gold Coast pumpuŋɔ din nyɛ Ghana la nti daŋ shɛli ban daa nyɛ wahalanima ni zuɣusabilanima.[2] Nkroful daa nyɛla tiŋgbaŋbila n be Nzema yaɣili, katiŋ ni southwest Gold Coast, n miri Faransi yaɣili din nyɛ Ivory Coast. O ba daa bɛ be daŋ maa sani dama o daa tumdi la Half Assini shɛli polo o ni daa tumdi o machɛligu tuma ni Salima hali ti kani. Kwame Nkrumah ma mini daŋ din yɛligi nda wumso. O daa bela n-baɣaka bɛhigu o bilim ni m be tiŋkpaŋa, mɔɣini ni kuligi noli. Zaŋkpa bia yuuli bolibu Kambonsi kali soli zuɣu, bɛ daa ti o la Kwame bin mali yu shɛli booni bɛ bidibsi din wuhiri ni Asibiri dali ka bɛ dɔɣi o. Yuunshɛŋa o ni daa nyɛ shikurubil' n be United States , di mini bɛ daa ku mi o Francis Nwia Kofi Nkrumah, Kofi nyɛla yu shɛli bɛ ni booni bidib shɛb bɛ doɣi Alizimba dali. O daa taɣila o yuli maa nti Kwame Nkrumah yuuni 1945 UK m borila Kwame Maa. Ebenezer Obiri Addo ni yeli shɛm zaŋ jɛndi o bohimbu din nyɛ dahinsheli tiŋgbani zuɣulana, lala yuli maa "Nkrumah" bɛ kali soli zuɣu ka bɛ mali ntiri bia ŋun pahiri awɔi, din wuhiri ni Kwame daa gbubila lala zaashee maa o ba dundɔŋ puuni, ŋun daa mali paɣaba pam.

O ba , Opanyin Kofi Nwiana Ngolomah, ŋun daa yi Nkroful din nyɛ kambonsi bali shɛli ban nyɛ Asonanima. Lahibali nyɛbli wuhiya, ni Ngolomah daa bela Tarkwa-Nsueam n tumdi salima machɛligu daabiligim. Din pahi, Ngolomah daa nyɛla ŋun mali jilma zaŋkpa haŋkali o ni daa mali tiri ban bori saɣisigu zaŋ jɛndi kaya mini dundɔŋni bɛhigu. O daa kpila yuuni 1927.

Kwame ko n daa nyɛ o bia. O ma daa zaŋ o mi kpehi elementary shikuru shɛli Catholic Mission din be Half Assini,

O Gold Coast labbunaEdit

Ghana maŋsulinsiEdit

O Ghana toondaantali (1957-1966)Edit

 
Kofi Baako (1956)

Dr. Kwame Nkrumah n-daa nyɛ tuuli Prime Minister ni tingbani zuɣulana tuuli zaŋ ti Ghana. Nkrumah ni daa nyɛ prime minister saha shɛli, British Gɔmnanti kpambala: Charles Arden-Clarke ŋun daa nya Governor-General la n-daa yi lihiri o zuɣu ni o tuuntumsa. O daa dila o tuuli Gɔmnanti tali 21 March 1952 hali ka Ghana ti deei di Maŋsulinsi. O tuuli Maŋsulinsi Gɔmnanti daa pili la 6 March 1957. Din dali ka o daa kpe o wofis ni. 1 July 1960, Ghana daa deei di Maŋsulinsi Gɔmnanti zaa gbanpela nuuni ka Nkrumah daa lɛbi Ghana tingbani zuɣulana tuuli.

 
Nkrumah tuuli cabinet minister nima

Ban zaya (Nu' zaa zaŋ chaŋ nu' dirigu polo): J. H. Allassani, N.A. Welbeck, Kofi Asante Ofori-Atta, Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, J.E. Jantuah, Imoru Egala

Ban ʒia (Nu' zaa zaŋ chaŋ nu' dirigu polo): A. Casely-Hayford, Kojo Botsio, Kwame Nkrumah, Komla Agbeli Gbedemah, E.O. Asafu-Adjaye;

National Liberation Council, soldier Gɔmnanti n-daa bala, bani n-daa kpaai Nkrumah nam bahi yuuni 1966.

O Tuuli Maŋsulinsi Gɔmnanti (1957-1960)Edit

Nama Gɔmnanti kpambala Saha Lahabali Ŋmahi
Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah 6 March 1957 – 1 July 1960
Minister for Foreign Affairs Kwame Nkrumah 6 March 1957 – 1958
Kojo Botsio 1958 – 1959
Ebenezer Ako-Adjei 1959 – 1960
Minister for Defence Charles Arden-Clarke[3] 1957 – 1958
Stephen Allen Dzirasa[3] 1958 – 1959
Kwame Nkrumah[3] 1959 – 1960
Minister for Interior[4] Ebenezer Ako-Adjei 6 March 1957 – 1958
Krobo Edusei 1958 – 1958
Kwame Nkrumah 1958 – 1958
Ashford Emmanuel Inkumsah 1959 – 1960
Minister for Finance Komla Agbeli Gbedemah 1954 – May 1961
Attorney General of Ghana G. M. Paterson[5] March 1957 – August 1957
Geoffrey Bing[6] 7 August 1957 – 29 August 1961[7]
Minister for Health J. H. Allassani 6 March 1957 – ?
Minister for Local Government A.E.A. Ofori Atta 6 March 1957 – ?
Minister for Education John Bogolo Erzuah 6 March 1957 – 22 May 1957
C. T. Nylander[8] 22 May 1957 – 1958[9]
Minister for Education and Information Kofi Baako[9] August 1957[10] – 1959
Minister for Agriculture Boahene Yeboah-Afari[11] 6 March 1957 – 22 May 1957
Minister for Housing Ashford Emmanuel Inkumsah 6 March 1957 – ?
Minister for Trade and Labour
(later Minister for Commerce and Industry)
Kojo Botsio 6 March 1957 – 1958
Minister for Communications Archie Casely-Hayford 6 March 1957 – 22 May 1957
Minister for Works Nathaniel Azarco Welbeck 6 March 1957 – 22 May 1957
Emmanuel Kobla Bensah[8] 22 May 1957 – ?
Minister for Labour, Co-operatives and Social Welfare
(created in May 1957)
Francis Yao Asare[8] 22 May 1957 – ?
Volta Regional Minister Ferdinand Goka June 1959 – June 1960
Minister without Portfolio Lawrence Rosario Abavana 6 March 1957 – ?
Minister without Portfolio Krobo Edusei 6 March 1957 – 1958
Minister without Portfolio Kofi Baako[8] 22 May 1957 – 1958
Minister without Portfolio Nathaniel Azarco Welbeck[8] 22 May1957 – ?
Minister without Portfolio John Bogolo Erzuah[8] 22 May1957 – ?
Minister without Portfolio Archie Casely-Hayford[8] 22 May1957 – ?
Minister without Portfolio Boahene Yeboah-Afari[8] 22 May1957 – ?

O Republican Gɔmnanti (1960-1966)Edit

Nama Gɔmnanti kpambala Saha Lahabali Ŋmahi
President Kwame Nkrumah[12] 1 July 1960 – 24 February 1966
Minister for Foreign Affairs[4] Imoru Egala 1960 – 1961
Ebenezer Ako-Adjei[12] 1961 – 1962
Kwame Nkrumah 1962 – 1963
Kojo Botsio[13] 1963 – 1965
Alex Quaison-Sackey[14] 1965 – 1966
Minister for Defence Charles de Graft Dickson[3][15] 1960 – 1961
Kofi Baako[3][12][16] September 1961 – 24 February 1966
Minister for Interior[4] Ashford Emmanuel Inkumsah 1960 – 1961
Kwaku Boateng[12][17]
(Interior and Local Government)
1961 – 1964[18]
Lawrence Rosario Abavana 1964 – 1965
Ashford Emmanuel Inkumsah 1 February 1965 – 1965
Lawrence Rosario Abavana 1965 – 1966
Minister for Finance Komla Agbeli Gbedemah[19] 1954 – May 1961
Ferdinand Koblavi Dra Goka[12][17]
(Minister for Finance and Trade)
8 May 1961[20] – February 1964
Kwame Nkrumah February 1964 – ?
K. Amoako-Atta[14] 1965 – 1966
Attorney General and Minister for Justice Geoffrey Bing[6]
A. E. A. Ofori-Atta[12][19]
7 August 1957 – 29 August 1961[7]
Tɛmplet:Circa
George Commey Mills-Odoi[7] 30 September 1961 – 29 August 1962
B. E. Kwaw-Swanzy 1962 – February 1966
Minister for Health Lawrence Rosario Abavana 1960 – 1961
Komla Agbeli Gbedemah June 1961 – ?
Ashford Emmanuel Inkumsah[12] Tɛmplet:Circa
Lawrence Rosario Abavana[21] 1963 – 1964[18]
Osei Owusu Afriyie[22] Tɛmplet:Circa
Minister for Local Government A.E.A. Ofori Atta 6 March 1957 – ?
Mumuni Bawumia 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Education and Social Welfare Alfred Jonas Dowuona-Hammond[12][17] Tɛmplet:Circa[9]
Kwaku Boateng[9][14]
(Science and Higher Education)
1964[18] – February 1966
Minister for Social Welfare P. K. K. Quaidoo[15] Tɛmplet:Circa
Osei Owusu Afriyie[12]
(Labour and Social Welfare)
Tɛmplet:Circa
Susanna Al-Hassan[23]
(Social Welfare and Community Development)
1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Labour K. Amoa-Awuah 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Agriculture[11] Francis Yao Asare 1960
Kojo Botsio[19] 1960 – 1962
Lawrence Rosario Abavana[12] 1962
Krobo Edusei[24] 1963 – 1965
F. A. Jantuah[14] 1965 – 1966
Minister for Works and Housing Emmanuel Kobla Bensah[15] 22 May 1957 – ?
Minister for Works Emmanuel Kobla Bensah 1 February 1965 –?
Minister for Housing F. E. Techie-Menson 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Construction and Communication Emmanuel Kobla Bensah[12] Tɛmplet:Circa
Minister for Trade Ferdinand Goka[15] 1 July 1960 – 8 May 1961
Lawrence Rosario Abavana June 1961 – ?
Minister for Overseas Trade Osei Owusu Afriyie 1965
Kwesi Armah[14] 1965 – 24 February 1966
Minister for Industries Krobo Edusei[25] Tɛmplet:Circa
Imoru Egala[22] 1965
Minister for Transport and Communications Krobo Edusei ? – ?
A. J. Dowuona-Hammond[22] Tɛmplet:Circa
Minister for Information Kwaku Boateng ? – ?
Tawia Adamafio[12][26]
(Information and Broadcasting)
1960– 1962
Imoru Egala[27] 1962 – 1965
Minister for Information and Party Propaganda Nathaniel Azarco Welbeck[14] 1 February 1965 –?
Minister for Lands A. K. Puplampu 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Mines and Mineral Resources Lawrence Rosario Abavana February 1965 – June 1965
K. O. Thompson June 1965 – February 1966
Minister for Art and Culture J. Benibengor-Blay[28] 1 February 1965 – 1966
Minister for Co-operatives S. A. Kwaku Bonsu 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Food and Nutrition Joseph Kodzo 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Fuel and Power E. I. Preko 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Parks and Gardens E. Nee Ocansey 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Pensions and National Insurance A. K. Onwona-Agyeman 1 February 1965 – ?
Minister for Parliamentary Affairs Kofi Baako[15] Tɛmplet:Circa
Minister for Presidential Affairs Tawia Adamafio 1961 – ?
Minister resident in Guinea Stephen Allen Dzirasa
Kweku Budu-Acquah[17]
? – ?
Tɛmplet:Circa
Regional Commissioners
Ashanti Regional Commissioner Osei Owusu Afriyie ? – ?
Stephen Willie Yeboah[29] Tɛmplet:Circa
Brong Ahafo Regional Commissioner Stephen Willie Yeboah[17] Tɛmplet:Circa
R. O. Amoako-Atta[29] Tɛmplet:Circa
Central Regional Commissioner Joseph Essilfie Hagan[17][30] Tɛmplet:Circa[29]
Eastern Regional Commissioner Emmanuel Humphrey Tettey Korboe[30] ? – ?
Greater Accra Regional Commissioner Paul Teiko Tagoe ? – ?
Northern Regional Commissioner Emmanuel Adama Mahama[29] Tɛmplet:Circa
Upper Regional Commissioner Ayeebo Asumda[17] Tɛmplet:Circa[29]
Volta Regional Commissioner Francis Yao Asare[30] Tɛmplet:Circa
Hans Kofi Boni[29] Tɛmplet:Circa
Joseph Kodzo[31]
Western Regional Commissioner John Arthur[17] Tɛmplet:Circa[29]

O nam kpaabahi niEdit

National Liberation Council n-daa nyɛ tuuli linjima dini ŋme n paai Ghana gomnanti dini toondana daa nyɛ Dr Kwame Nkrumah. Ghana Pirinsi ni Linjima nima n daa laɣim kpa lala Council dini daa ŋme n paagi o maa ka Ghana sabilanim daa lee niŋba nupuɣu. Zilisigu wuhiya ni ban daa niŋ niŋsim ŋɔ daa mali toɣisigu ni Britain gomnanti (PM Herold Wilson) ni United States of America (Lyndon B. Jonson). Shɛbi mali dihitabili ni bɛ daa sɔŋ la pirinsi ni linjima laɣingu ŋɔ ka bɛ tumi bɛ ni daa niŋ shɛm ŋɔ pirinla Nkrumah daa bɛ saɣiritiri silimin tinduya maranima bɛ ni yuli shɛm.

O zɔbu, kpibu ni kuyilaEdit

O maŋmaŋa biɛhiguEdit

Gold CoastEdit

Dr Kwame Nkrumah daa bola Fathia Ritzk, ŋun daa nyɛ Egypt Coptic baŋki tumtumdi kuro ni karimba kuro la. O ni daa kuli paai na lala 1957-1958 yuun' palli zaawun' yuŋ maa, Fathia ma daa zaɣisi ni o niŋ anfaani n-niŋ bi daa amiliya maa ni pirimla vunyaɣili daa mali o mi ni o bia ti kuli tinzun nira.

O mini o daa dɔɣi la bihi ata: 1. Gamal (o dɔɣim yuuni nyɛla 1959) nyɛla lahabali sabira. 2. Samia (O dɔɣim yuuni nyɛla 1960) nyɛla siyaasa nira 3. Sekou (O dɔɣim yuuni nyɛla 1963) gba nyɛla siyaasa nira.

Nkrumah lan mali bi' so: 4. Francis (O dɔɣim yuuni nyɛla 1962) ŋun bindira baŋda (Paediatrician).

Nkrumah lan mali bi'so to a maa bi'shɛba ban zaa kpalim maa ŋmɛri o la nagbankpeeni. Ŋun n-nyɛ: 5. Onsy Anwar Nathan Kwame Nkrumah ka o ma gba n-nyɛ Egypt paɣa.

6. O lahi mali bipuɣinga pahi ŋun n-nyɛ Elizabeth

United StatesEdit

LondonEdit

 
60 Burghley Road, Kentish Town, London, where Nkrumah lived when in London between 1945 and 1947

O ta'ada ni sambanni nimaEdit

Yuuni 2010 kundi beni ka bɛ booni li "The Other Wes Moore" wuhi ya ni Nkrumah ni daa be United States, ni O daa nyɛla bi' wumsiri li n-zaŋ ti sabisabiri maa yaba saha shɛli be ni daa nyɛ saamba ban na yɔli n-kpe US tingbani puuni la.

Danny Sapani zani Nkrumah zaani n kpɛri kpɛrigu n-niŋ Netflix ninyula kpanjɔri dakulo filima shɛli be ni booni "The Crown (Season 2, episode 8 "Dear Mrs Kennedy"). Di nyɛla binshɛli din wuhiri Nkrumah mini Queen Elizabeth waa amaa niriba pam gbubi mi ni yɛli ʒee bee niŋ ʒee bahi bɛla dini.

O tumtumsaEdit

O kundinimaEdit

  1. "Negro History: European Government in Africa", The Lincolnian, 12 April 1938, p. 2 (Lincoln University, Pennsylvania) – see Special Collections and Archives, Lincoln University
  2. Ghana: The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah (1957).ISBN 0-901787-60-4
  3. Africa Must Unite (1963).ISBN 0-901787-13-2
  4. African Personality (1963)
  1. The essence of neo-colonialism is that the State which is subject to it is, in theory, independent and has all the outward trappings of international sovereignty. In reality its economic system and thus its political policy is directed from outside. — 
  1. Neo-Colonialism, the Last Stage of Imperialism (1965)
  2. Axioms of Kwame Nkrumah (1967).ISBN 0-901787-54-X
  3. African Socialism Revisited (1967)
  4. Voice From Conakry (1967).ISBN 90-17-87027-3
  5. Dark Days in Ghana (1968).ISBN 0-7178-0046-6
  6. Handbook of Revolutionary Warfare (1968) – first introduction of Pan-African pellet compass.ISBN 0-7178-0226-4
  7. Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-Colonisation (1970).ISBN 0-901787-11-6
  8. Class Struggle in Africa (1970).ISBN 0-901787-12-4
  9. The Struggle Continues (1973).ISBN 0-901787-41-8
  10. I Speak of Freedom (1973).ISBN 0-901787-14-0
  11. Revolutionary Path (1973).ISBN 978-0-901787-22-4

Lahi NyamaEdit

KundivihiraEdit

  1. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Kwame Nkrumah president of Ghana (English). britannica.com. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  2. Sue Donnelly. Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) – a term at LSE (English). blogs.lse.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 MINISTER FOR DEFENCE. Government of Ghana.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 R.L. Bidwell, ed. (1974-02-25). Guide to Government Ministers: The British Empire and Successor States, 1900-72. Routledge. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-7146-3017-5. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
  5. Jubilee Ghana. A 50-year news journey thro' Graphic. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. 2006. p. 21. ISBN 9988-8097-8-6. New job for Bing
  6. 6.0 6.1 Geoffrey Henry Cecil Bing (1909 - 1977): Lawyer And Politician. Ulster History Circle.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 PAST MINISTERS. Government of Ghana.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Jubilee Ghana - A 50-year news journey thro' Graphic. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. 2006. p. 14. ISBN 9988809786.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 CHAIRPERSONS OF THE GHANA NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR UNESCO. Ghana National Commission for UNESCO (2018).
  10. Jubilee Ghana. A 50-year news journey thro' Graphic. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. 2006. p. 19. ISBN 9988-8097-8-6. Baako To Head New Ministry
  11. 11.0 11.1 Former Heads of MoFA. Official Website. Ministry of Food and Agriculture.
  12. 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 Steinberg, S. H., ed. (1962). "Ghana 1957". The Statesman's Year Book. Macmillan & Co Limited. p. 512. ISBN 9780230270916. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  13. (December 1964) "Ghana's Foreign Minister Speaks on Threat to International Peace and Harmony". Ghana News 2 (11).
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 Jakande, L. K., ed. (1965). West Africa Annual 1966 (Issue 8 ed.). James Clarke. p. 77. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 (1961) "Ghana Year Book". Ghana Year Book.
  16. (6 January 1964) "Ghana May Supply Neighbouring Countries With Electricity". Ghana News 2 (1).
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 (1963) "Ghana Year Book".
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Tɛmplet:Citation/make link. New York Times Archives (New York Times). May 2, 1964. https://www.nytimes.com/1964/05/02/archives/article-1-no-title-106964670.html.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Ghana Year Book. Accra: Graphic Corporation. 1961. p. 11. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  20. Ghana Year Book. Accra: Graphic Corporation. 1962. p. 206. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  21. (March 1964) "More Pay For Ghanaian Doctors". Ghana News 2 (3).
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 Ghana Year Book 1966. Accra: Daily Graphic. 1966. p. 20. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  23. How Nkrumah Empowered Ghanaian Women. Modern Ghana (18 September 2009).
  24. (April 1964) "Ghanaians Value Friendly Relations With The United States". Ghana News 2 (4).
  25. Asamoah, Obed Yao (2014). "2: The Nkrumah Years - Reaping the Whirlwind". The Political History of Ghana (1950 - 2013). The Experience of a Non-Conformist. Bloomington, USA: AuthorHouseUK Ltd. ISBN 978-1-4969-8563-7. .Krobo Edusei's appointment as Minister of Industries was revoked.
  26. Tɛmplet:Cite magazine
  27. (April 1964) "Ghana Delegation Tours Kaiser Aluminum And Chemical Plants". Ghana News 2 (4).
  28. Africa Who's Who, London: Africa Journal for Africa Books Ltd, 1981, p. 230.
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6 (21 September 1964) "Ghanaian Ministers Tour USA". Ghana News: Dr Kwame Nkrumah Celebrates His 55th Birthday 2 (9).
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 (1961) "Ghana Year Book". Ghana Year Book.
  31. (29 July 1969) "2 Former RC's Jailed". Daily Graphic (5855).